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Saturday, 24 April 2010 12:28

Trillium reliquum (also known as Relict trillium, Confederate trillium, and Confederate wakerobin) is a monocotyledon species of the Trillium genus, a perennial, flowering, herbaceous plant of the Liliaceae family and found only in the southeastern region of the United States: southwest, central and east central Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina. It is "redicual", that is there are a few remaining groups of a species that was once more abundant. Significant habitat loss has occurred through clearing of forests for agricultural and pine farm uses.

On Apr 4, 1988, it was officially listed as an endangered species. The common name varies by location. It grows in undisturbed hardwood forests that sometimes include mature pines and that are free of understory plants such as bushes and vines. It likes moist, well-drained soils along the banks of streams and small stream floodplains, mixed with other wildflowers and forest debris.

Trillium reliquum was first collected near Augusta in 1901 but was not described as a new species until 1975.



This beautiful photograph of the Trillium reliquum was captured by Tracy Ross at the Sipsey Wilderness in Spring, 2010.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 23 June 2010 10:41